Moontower #53


Hi Sunday email openers!

You might want to tune in to this evening’s benefit concert. The iHeart Radio Living Room Concert for America. It has a recognizable pop lineup. (Link)

When I sat down to write this week I swear I had a plan but I got distracted by some tweets which reminded me to tell the story of Liz. It’s a story that extends last week’s musing.

If you recall, last week I explained how to use Twitter to “build your own cabinet”. Reader Paul Barnes connected this to innovative investment firm Tyro Partners’ strategy of crowdsourcing research from KOLs or “key opinion leaders”. This is the commercial-grade version of following certain people because of the quality of their crowdsourcing. I refer to this as “drafting in their lanes”.

You can go further. You could recruit. If you are a high-status online persona you can effectively lower your cost to meet talented people. This is especially true if the talented target has yet to establish visible status. Famous investor Jim O’Shaughnessey’s advice:

Follow people, get a sense for their thought process, and then when you see something that you think is really interesting, reach out. 

Paul noted how Jim followed through on this advice by having Liz Hall on his Infinite Loops podcast this week. Let me give you some background.

Back in December, Venkatesh Rao started this challenge that went viral on Twitter. It boiled down to people threading 100 tweets on a topic of their choosing. I read many of these tweetstorms. I can’t express how stupid I felt reading these. There are a lot of blindingly smart people out there. Some of my favorites were actually threads by people who wrote on things they were not even pros in. The hater in me wants say “get a life”. But really I’m just impressed. Anyway, the first investing storm came from account @LAForeverHall. This was like a meteor without warning. I would have expected the 100-tweet-storm-on-finance to come from one of its more established voices. But it comes from Liz.

I noticed the thread shortly after she posted it. She had a couple hundred followers max. I wish I could have bought the 1000 or 2000 strike call on her follower count, because I immediately knew it was going viral (Viral is of course relative. The biggest #fintwit celebs are not even NFL kicker fame. Jim Cramer is probably the ceiling). I immediately reached out to say thanks and congrats on a great read.

A few weeks later Liz mentioned on Twitter she was visiting the Bay Area, so we made a plan to meet up. She was staying in Berkeley so I asked to meet at Victory Point, a boardgame cafe on Shattuck.

Her story is extraordinary, in the full meaning of the word. Extra. Ordinary. She grew up in rural CA, north of Sacramento. She dropped out of school in 4th grade and was homeschooled for 6 months before that fizzled. She spent the next 5 feral years watching tv and playing games. Meeting in a game cafe turned out to be serendipity. She was well versed in many heavy games including the epic 18xx train games which are meaty stock market simulations. Heavy-handed foreshadowing.

At around 16 years old, her attention focused. She nerd-sniped election strategy both in US and foreign politics. While intellectually interesting, grokking election strats isn’t practically useful. Since her grandfather was an investor she was aware of the stock market and turned her full attention in that direction.

We discussed her views on education. The challenge of being largely unsocialized. The “dark arts” of copywriting and how it can twist your soul up. Some investing discussion, mostly around metagame. As we chat, I’m hearing about all her recent coffees with people she’s meeting. Doors that are opening. In fact, at that meeting, she told me she was going to NY to be on an O’Shaughnessey podcast. I assumed it was Patrick’s, but it would be his father’s instead.

A couple of observations

1) It’s impossible to not appreciate how quickly an unpermissioned platform like Twitter can elevate an uncredentialed, trans outsider based simply on quality of thought. I doubt she could imagine the power of that thread to change her life. Little did she know how many people she would meet in the coming months. Little did she know it would lead to her moving to NYC.

2) While it only took a week to write the Tweetstorm, her more public emergence (she has over 5k twitter followers today) is hardly evidence of overnight sensations. Those don’t exist — you probably know the metaphor of success being like bamboo. Liz logged over a decade of personal investing experience. The thread was a cover letter. Martin Luther pinned 95 theses to a door. That was media in the Middle Ages. Liz put 100 on Twitter. You can go ahead and put the MS Word cover letter template in deleted items now.


  • Listen to her story. From living in a skating rink, to her family history, and through her trajectory as an investor and writer. Here’s the recently released podcast episode on Infinite Loops. Liz Hall — An Outsider’s Perspective (Link)
  • The tweetstorm that kicked it all off. (Link)
  • Her write up about chasing down a small-cap investing opportunity. The Curious Case of the California Orchard Company (Link)
  • What she learned as a copywriter. How You Can Make $62,723.85 From Writing In Two Weeks Without An Education (Link)

I’ve read both of those posts. They are long but worthy reads. She started a letter recently if you want to sign up. (Subscribe link)

The Money Angle

Markets have been chaotic

Extremely high realized volatility.

  • Weekly moves look more like annual moves. In other words, the market has been sqrt(52) or about 7x more volatile than in past years.

Whipsaw correlations

  • There have been days when bonds and stocks have simultaneously sold off significantly. Gold correlation is a random number generator.

Dislocations galore.

  • Some of these are ETFs and closed-end funds deviating from NAVs. This screener can show you closed-end dislocations. Be careful with this stuff.
  • Treasury basis trades
  • This week gold futures surged higher relative to spot prices amidst talk of delivery bottlenecks across the pond. Then Friday front month-second month gold futures spread collapsed $30.
  • Oil contango exploded wider this week with the front month now trading at a 15% discount to the second month. Annualize that. It’s not surprising that tanker pure plays surged higher (if you are interested in a deeper look, check out this Adventures in Capitalism post.). The contango widened similarly during the GFC as the arb was limited by supply of credit. This time it’s about the limited supply of storage/tankers.

The chaos reflects the uncertainty in the real economy

Unemployment claims this week was a 30 sigma event which says as much about using normal distributions on financial variables as it does about how acute this shock is to the economy.

Options trader turned restauranteur and entrepreneur extraordinaire Nick Kokonas linked to Vanity Fair’s:

“You Can’t Speak in Strong Enough Dystopian Words to Describe It”: Why the Coronavirus Pandemic Could Change Dining as We Know It, Forever

The combination of perishable inventory and high labor costs as a percentage of sales makes the restaurant biz especially vulnerable. Restaurants are one of the better examples of the types of businesses facing an existential threat. Businesses that are exposed for their outsize degree of operating leverage.

I recommend Howard Lindzon’s Panic with Friends YouTube interview with Rob Koyfin as they dive into that idea. Rob’s the founder of Koyfin which is what Yahoo Finance would be if Bloomberg owned it. That’s a joke by the way. I use Koyfin myself but really liked watching Rob navigate the platform on the call to demonstrate just how the market was reacting to high operating leverage businesses. It was a markets lesson and tech tutorial in under 30 minutes. (H/t to Brian for the rec)

Personal portfolios

I like reading how markets people invest personally. We have a professional subscription to Jared Dillian’s Daily Dirtnap and he posts his portfolio and what he’s doing. His letter is paid so I will not share his allocations.

2 of my favorite fintwitters are public about their own investments:

Corey Hoffstein (Link)
Meb Faber (Link)

Moontower Portfolio

If you are curious about the Moontower portfolio it’s roughly:

1/3 real estate
1/2 short term notes and cash
15% public investments
<5% private investments

A look at the public portion:

8% RE
39% international equity
14% domestic equity
20% metals
18% US energy

Recently doubled down on energy/metals tilt, rotating out of treasury notes.

I refer to the public portion as the Seppuku Portfolio since it would be suicidal for a US investment manager to hold.


A note on carrying so much cash compared to most recommended allocations. It is a risky long-term proposition. Just consider the price of stamps in the past 30 years. But in the near-term, it provides a lot of optionality.

It’s reasonable to argue we overpay for this. While we don’t own our own businesses, there is a lot of volatility in our professions. A lot of lumpiness in our cash flows. But just like financial options I believe there are additional multi-order greeks on this optionality. They don’t come from differential equations. They are psychological. A behavioral edge even though I sort of hate this term.

Let me rationalize, I mean, explain.

We put a lot of value on the ability to not work for an extended period if we chose to. Not because of laziness but for the feeling that choosing to work where you are is an active choice. When Yinh took 2018 off this felt like a stress-free harvesting of the optionality. She was able to search for the best possible match for a new job. I feel like the payoff from being able to find a match without pressure is a payoff that does not show up in your Mint view as a line-item. But it will one day show up disguised as a different balance sheet asset.

Our parents are immigrants. They came to the US in 70s with little. We learned everything about grinding from watching them. They still have little. They passed scarcity mindsets to us. And Koysaki likely thinks we are fools who learned our lessons from “Poor Dads”. But we did manage to learn about leverage and its many forms.

Our lack of financial leverage enables us to maximize our human capital leverage. With implied prospective returns uninviting for the past few years, this seemed like a reasonable trade. Our total allocation reflects that tilt. With that lens, I guess you can file this under market-timing. Call me a sinner.

If you can’t watch a bull market rage without you this is just as risky as being YOLO long. No easy answers when you think of multi-order effects of an allocation. You need to do what’s best for you. It starts with asking the right questions. And they mostly have nothing to do with finance.

Climb Higher

Corona-related section this week



I don’t practice meditation but I am hearing more from recent converts. Whether it’s people having more time to experiment or looking for natural ways to cope. If I decide to give it a shot Raptitude’s Guide to Actually Getting Somewhere With Meditation looks like a great primer. (Link)


Here’s a list of great games to play with a standard 52 card deck by Matt and Quinns at Shut Up and Sit Down. We are going to give Skull a shot. (Link)

WFH while homeschooling

I’m not a fan of multi-tasking, so this has been a steep challenge. I’d say the benchmark for a successful homeschool day has dropped to “they-ran-around-more-than-they-watched-iPad”. This post has useful perspective and tips. (Link)

Zoom substitutes

Whether it’s privacy issues or something else that bothers you, there are free alternatives. (Link)
Ways to Help

My buddy Jake is boosting this matchmaking service which connects willing helpers to seniors to help get groceries or run errands. (Link)

Your Kids Can Brighten A Vet’s Bday

Write a birthday card to WWII vet Ms. Ruth Gallivan. She’s turning 104 but her party had to be canceled of course.A little background on Ms. Gallivan (maiden name Gladys Ruth Tresner):   She signed up for the U.S. Marines in 1944 and got sent to Camp Lejeune for training. After boot camp, she came to Miramar in San Diego.  However, Miramar did not have women’s barracks at that time, and she had to help set-up a place for women to be stationed there. She stayed with the Marines until 1946, and settled in San Diego.  She is believed to be the oldest woman Marine west of the Mississippi. 

Please send her some cheer for her 104th birthday next week!  Cards may be sent to:

Ms. Ruth Gallivan
3022 Martindale Court
San Diego, CA 92123

Here’s a picture of her 103rd birthday party (Link)

Thanks to Jean for forwarding this to me.

Last Call

  • AA flying first cargo jet in over 35 years. (Link)
  • If Jesus was a plumber, not a carpenter. (Link)
  • Matt Leacock, creator of the co-op boardgame Pandemic, wrote a NY Times op-ed this week. (Link)

Best things I read this week on Covid-19

  • Tom surfaced this terrific interview with virologist David Ho. (Link)
  • The Atlantic’s How Will Cornavirus End is an outstanding recap of what has happened so far, possible future paths, and most critically, what to watch for when trying to handicap how things may unfold. (Link)

Some quotes that stood out:

  • The testing fiasco was the original sin of America’s pandemic failure, the single flaw that undermined every other countermeasure.
  • …the White House is a ghost town of scientific expertise
  • Lombardy, Italy, the hardest-hit place in Europe, houses one of the largest manufacturers of nasopharyngeal swabs…Hubei province in China, the epicenter of the pandemic, was also a manufacturing center of medical masks.

I’m no conspiracy theorist, but to know that these 2 places were major epicenters is like finding out a vampire apocalypse spawned from Gilroy, CA. Just sayin’.

From My Actual Life

The household was triple-booked for Zoom meetings at one point this week. 2 of the meetings belonged to the kids. If I still used a calendar app I would title these “meetings” mute-a-mole. But since time is now a flat circle that extends until the next time I tip a barber I think we’ll just drift in and out of virtual rooms like free-roaming ghosts that can only visit the places they have been. A pretty incomplete superpower.

Speaking of superpowers, we watch half an Avengers-related movie every weeknight. It’s for the children we say. The Hulk-Black Widow love affair is so out of place, I feel like I’m watching a first draft fan fiction. It’s stupid to adults and pointless to kids.

Back to Zoom culture for a moment. Things overheard:

  • Moms and women choosing the audio-only option. I mean my hoodies and shorts are trying to walk themselves to the washing machine at this point. I’m thinking there’s not much competition for self-appearance badges.
  • Employees seeing how nice their boss’s house is. If Bernie could have hung on a bit longer he could have rallied a slighted Zoom audience. Corporate calls should probably use a cubicle background. Remind us of the good ole days.
  • An allocator who has lots of calls with asset managers: “Does everyone have a second home?”. This is the March 2020 version of Where Are the Customer’s Yachts?

This weekend we are watching Tiger-King on Netflix. This is straight-up my wheelhouse. It’s so ridiculous I hope 10% of it is real. Joe Exotic isn’t even the best character. ‘Doc’ Antle is what Charlie Manson would have been if Brian Wilson had signed him to a record deal. Doc is scarier than that dude Scarface is based on. I was sad at the thruple wedding. Joe was the only guy having fun. But the cake looked worthy of freezing for a year.

I know 3 NYers that got Covid. They are fine now. One of them runs about 30 miles a week and has a resting HR under 50. He was hospitalized. Stay safe.

Like I said last week, if you just wanna chat, hit me up. I’ll try to fit you in between circle time and those blank moments where I try to remember what was so romantic about homeschool.

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